philippine crocodiles crocodile crocodylus mindorensis porosus philippines inc. farm farmers

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Coral Farms

Coral Farms was developed in 1987 as a Poultry Farm for chicken egg production. In 1999 the farm investigated crocodile rearing and received 390 crocodiles from PWRCC in 2000. In 2002 Hog Production was incorporated.

At present Coral Farms has 550,000 heads of poultry and 15,000 heads of pigs. The crocodile farm has a total of 5230 heads ranging from hatchlings to breeders.Justification for starting a crocodile rearing facility was disposal of culled layer and grower chickens, and later product from the piggery, whose disposal through standard methods was costly.

Coral Farms is located Morong and Teresa Municipalities, Rizal Province, Luzon. It is split into 3 administrative units.

  • Coral Farms I and III houses the piggery and part of the poultry operations.
  • Coral Farms II houses the entire crocodile farm and poultry grower operations.

Coral Farms was one of the 6 original crocodile grower cooperators selected by PWRCC in 1999 to assist the DENR in its mandate to conserve crocodiles and create a crocodile industry for the benefit of the Filipino Peoples.

Several criteria including the following were used by PWRCC in selecting these cooperators:

  • Food availability
  • Interest of principals
  • Financial resources
  • Stability of the company

Coral Farms met all these criteria.

All crocodiles at Coral Farms II were either obtained directly from PWRCC (2200 heads) between yr 2000 and 2002 or produced at Coral Farms (3409 heads).

No crocodiles have been taken from the wild or received from any other sources.

The original scheme was for the CPPI Cooperators, including Coral Farms, to only rear crocodiles provided by PWRCC. However, skin quality was substandard by international industry standards (Japanese buyers) and the rearing scheme failed.

In order to remain viable Coral Farms had to convert to closed system breeding to utilize rapidly maturing crocodiles received from PWRCC of no commercial value except as producers.

Coral Farm II first produced progeny (young crocodiles) from on site breeding in 2004 with 11 baby crocodiles.

Since then captive production has increased.

2005 : 455
2006 : 899
2007 : 2044

Total :
3409 progeny

Mortality of all classes of crocodile at Coral Farms since yr 2000 = 8.5 %.

(This mortality rate is far below international industry standard of more than 10%.)

Mortality of crocodiles received from PWRCC =
158 head
Mortality of crocodiles produced at Coral Farms = 319 head
(includes day old hatchlings to juveniles)

Current Farm Total
= 5132 head

The original 1000 crocodiles received from PWRCC in yr 2000 all had microchip transponder identifications. Coral Farms has a microchip reader.

Crocodiles subsequently received from PWRCC did not have microchips owing to PWRCC budgetary constraints. These crocodiles, as well as all progeny, are identified by caudal scute clipping.

Crocodiles are housed in a variety of facility depending on their needs.
These include:

  • Breeding pens (adult).
  • Incubators (for eggs).
  • Nursery (for newly hatched young).
  • Growing pens (1 to 3 year olds).
  • Finishing pens (6 mo prior to slaughter).

After nest construction and egg deposition, eggs are carefully collected, cleaned, and placed in an incubator. Detailed records of pen origination, number of eggs and size, are kept. Coral Farms currently has 10 incubators, each with a capacity of 500 eggs. Access to the incubation room is strictly controlled.

Year 2008 egg production is anticipated to be 3000 to 4000 viable eggs and incubator capacity is sufficient for the coming reproductive season. A larger incubation scheme, possibly a “walk-in” chamber, based on newer technologies, will be constructed in the future.

From the incubators, crocodiles are moved to the nursery pen and then to the grow-out pens.

The crocodiles are given specialized care to improve their skin quality and market viability.

Coral Farms is undertaking an ambitious expansion program to stay current of new technologies and production.

A series of more than 2000 finishing pens, which will allow a production of up to 6000 skins per year, are now being built.

A class AAA abattoir is being constructed for processing of skins, meat, and other by-products.

New office, guest accommodations, veterinary and laboratory facilities are being designed.

Additional 1:1 breeding pens and new growing pens are being designed and constructed.

Crocodile Food Resources

Coral I currently supplies the crocodile farm at Coral II with up to 500 kg of meat per day for use as crocodile food. Much of this results from the culling of non-productive layer chickens and other non-infectious mortalities such as still born pigs. These food supplies are satisfactory.

Coral Farms hopes to commercialize a number of crocodile products.

These include:

  • Raw salted crocodile skins (export).
  • Raw salted crocodile skins (domestic).
  • Crocodile meat (frozen and processed).
  • Crocodile organs (including gall bladder, blood, reproductive, and skeletal).

Coral Farms is committed to conservation of crocodiles and other natural resources. Conservation activities aimed at C. porosus include:

Set aside of 5% of progeny for use by DENR for restocking of wild habitat.

Funding of crocodile surveys in estuarine habitats by Silliman University in Palawan and Siargao, and the Agusan basin and Ligawasan Marsh by the University of Southern Mindanao.

Coral Farms has been instrumental in creating educational forums and bringing new crocodile farming technologies into the Philippines for both commercial and conservation purposes. These include the Forum on Crocodiles held in early 2007 with an attendance of nearly 150 participants from 14 countries. More recently Coral Farms contributed towards 2 workshops held in Davao on safe handling of crocodiles and skin production. In September 2007 Coral Farms hosted a 3 day seminar given by a professional crocodile farming consultant on updates and new theories in efficient farm production.

Coral Farms is in frequent contact with a variety of foreign and Filipino crocodile farming experts that includes Geoff McClure (Farmer/consultant), Greg Mitchell (skin production), Paolo Martelli (veterinarian – Ocean Park, Hong Kong), and members of the IUCN Crocodile Specialists Group.

Technology being incorporated into Coral Farm II Crocodile Farm is current and state of the art.

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